The final search results obtained via databases etc are screened for eligibility in accordance with the inclusion/exclusion criteria.
This should be done independently by 2 reviewers to avoid bias.
Firstly, titles and abstracts of all de-duplicated records are screened for eligibility. Results are compared and disagreements resolved among reviewers.
Secondly, the full text articles of the selected studies are then assessed for eligibility for inclusion in the review.
There are a number of Critical Appraisal Tools to assist in this process such as:
A PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses) diagram is used to show the steps involved in the review process, recording the number of records identified and then excluded at each stage of the screening process.
You can also use the PRISMA Flow Diagram Generator to produce a detailed diagram in a number of output formats.
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QUT acknowledges the Traditional Owners of the lands where QUT now stands.