The United Nations was established by the countries of the world in 1945 with the purpose of maintaining international peace and security and promoting friendly relations between states. It consists of many subsidiary bodies, which have responsibility for particular issues of international concern.
The General Assembly (GA) is the principal policy-making and representative body of the UN. It comprises all members of the UN and its declarations and resolutions are often indicative of state practice in a particular area.
In the UN system the Security Council has primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. Security Council resolutions with regard to enforcement, economic sanctions or collective military actions can be found by searching by year or document number.
As the principal United Nations office mandated to promote and protect human rights for all, OHCHR leads global human rights efforts speaks out objectively in the face of human rights violations worldwide.
The Human Rights Council is the key independent UN intergovernmental body responsible for human rights. It is made up of 47 States responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights internationally.
The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations and is located at the Peace Palace in the Hague (Netherlands). The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.